The island of Santorini (Thíra) is most striking when approaching the sea on a giant caldera (a volcanic crater full of sea) surrounded by a complete cliff at a height of 200-400 meters. Along the top of the gray black lava cliffs, the whitewashed settlements of Firá and Oia are the island’s most attractive (and most expensive) destinations. In fact, Santorini lives almost completely from the tourist destination, attracting tourists to visit its stunning scenery and ancient ruins. It generally sold as a romantic destination-popular with honeymooners, couples and celebrities. Cruise ships sailing in the eastern Mediterranean carry out a day’s freight here.
Fira (Tila), the capital of Santorini, has white triangular houses and terraces, winding lanes, small squares and a blue domed church on a cliff 300 meters above the caldera. From the small port of Skala, Fira can be reached on foot or by board (Mule for employment), steep step-up pass (587 steps) or by cable car. The ferry docks at the port of Athiniós, which is connect to Fira by road (17 kilometers), the cruise ship anchors the caldera, and passengers are take to Scalar by bid. Fira lives primarily in the tourism industry, with many of its buildings distributed in small hotels, apartments, restaurants, cafes, souvenir shops and jewelry stores.
Ía is a picturesque village of white houses on the northern tip of Santorini, 12 kilometers from Fira to the coast, some of which have been converted into chic little boutique hotels with an infinity pool overlooking the caldera. I am. Like Fira, it lives from tourism, but serves more upscale customers. The steep road zigzags to the town of Ammoúdi Bay. There is a waterside seafood restaurant there. Oia especially known for its beautiful sunsets that attract visitors from all over the island, from summer to evening every night. You can walk from Oia to Fira by following the sidewalk along the cliffs above the caldera (3 hours allowed).
A caldera- filled volcanic crater formed by a large-scale volcanic eruption that blasted the center of the island about 3,600 years ago. Measuring 7 kilometers at 12 kilometers, it is home to volcanic activity, with two islands of Kaimeni in the center, with hot springs and gas emissions. Various agencies offer a full-day tour of the caldera by boat. Take a bath in the hot springs, have lunch on the small island of Therasia on the west side of the caldera, and return to the waters of Santorini for stunning views.
⦁ Akrotíri Archaeological Site and Red Beach
Near the modern village of Akrotiri, 12 kilometers southwest of Fira, the ancient settlement of Arotiri was buried under lava following the 16th-century BC volcanic eruption that produced Carlodera. Archaeological excavations have shown that Santorini was a prosperous island that prospered before the eruption, probably derived from shipping and trading. The connection to North Africa can be inferred from the prominent frescoes that decorate the mansion, most of which are at the National Archaeological Museum in Athens. Akrotiri reopened to the public in 2012 after several years of closure.
Nearby is the famous Red Beach under the magnificent Red Cliff Wall. The beach is accessible along the road from the city of Akrotiri.
⦁ Ancient Thira
On the southeastern coast, ancient Thira begins in the 9th century BC. You can see the ruins of Hellenistic temples and other buildings, as well as the foundations of Roman and early Byzantine architecture. Searches from the site will be display at the Archaeological Museum in Fira.
⦁ Archaeological Museum, Fira
Located near the upper station of Fira’s cable car, the small archaeological museum exhibits ancient Thira ruins from the Dorian, Hellenistic, Roman and Byzantine eras.
⦁ Terra Prehistoric Museum
The somewhat confusing prehistoric Thira Museum displays relics from the Akrotiri archaeological site. For many, the top tourist attraction is the Blue Monkeys mural, but there are other antiques such as marble figures, painted pottery, tools and weapons on display. It is located in a modern white building near Fira’s 1950s Mitrópolis church.
Before Fira took office in 1800, the capital of Santorini, the small Pilgos, is make up of white Cycladic cottages built around the ruins of a castle on a medieval hill. Formerly sleepy and forgotten, Pyrgos has begun to attract upper-tier tourists since 2004 with the opening of several small chic restaurants and butick hotels. You can find it in the center of the island, 8 km southeast of Fira.
⦁ Profitis Ilias
From Pyrgos, the mountain runs to the summit. Profítis Ilías (584m), the highest point of Santorini, offers stunning views of the island. Here Profitis Ilias Monastery This is open to the public. Inside, there is a richly carved church of Iconstia and a museum exhibiting Governor Gregory V’s Miter and Croza, hung by the Turks in Constantinople in 1821. There is also a library, monastery library and kitchen. The monastery ran one of the many “secret schools” that ran during the Turkish era.
⦁ Perissa beach
The most famous and most popular beach on Santorini is on the southeastern coast between the villages of Perissa and Perivoros. A 6-kilometer-long fine black volcanic sandy beach lined with tamarisk trees overlooking seafood tavernas and rows of cafes. There are sunbeds and umbrellas, and there is a water sports facility. It is about 12 km from Fira.
How to Make the Most of Your Visit to Santorini
A systematic tour is a great way to see all the highlights of the island without the hassle of trying to find around you. Experienced guides include information on the island’s history and tips on its culture and attractions.