This time, we will explain the ingredients that dogs can eat and the ingredients that they want to be careful about, the five major nutrients necessary for maintaining health, and the precautions when giving foods other than dog food. The food given by the owner is directly link to the health of the dog.
Foods that dogs should not eat or want to be careful about
First, let us look at the ingredients that are dangerous for dogs to eat.
⦁ Main ingredients that may cause addiction
Avocado … There are toxins in the flesh and skin that can cause vomiting and diarrhea.
Grape … There are many reports of poisoning such as renal failure and diarrhea, and dogs with kidney disease are especially dangerous.
Prunes … The leaves, seeds and stems are toxic and can cause respiratory distress and shock.
Eggplant … When lye binds to calcium, it can cause urolithiasis.
Fig … The skin, leaves, and flesh contain addictive ingredients.
Raw ginkgo … If you eat it raw, you may get addicted. It would be safer not to give it.
Raw egg (white meat) … Avidin contained in egg white decomposes biotin of B vitamins, which is not good for dogs. However, it is OK if you hear it.
Macadamia nuts … Please note that you may have vomiting, convulsions and other poisoning within 12 hours after eating.
Leek, leek, garlic, onion … May destroy red blood cells in the blood and cause hemolytic anemia. It can be said that it is a typical food that dogs should not eat.
⦁ Main ingredients that are prone to indigestion
Squid and octopus … Because they are stiff, they are difficult to digest and cause vomiting and diarrhea.
Burdock … Rich in dietary fiber and strong lye, it is safer not to give it.
Shellfish… When taken in large amounts, the enzyme thiaminase (anoylinase) breaks down vitamin B1, which may lead to vitamin B1 (thiamine) deficiency.
Shrimp and crab … Be careful as it is difficult to digest and you may accidentally swallow the shell.
Wakame seaweed … It may come out in the stool undigested, so do not give it.
In addition to this , it is easy to over-calorie, so it is safer not to give meat, fish, bread ears, etc. that are high in fat . There are many dangerous foods to give to dogs, so be sure to check in advance if you want to give anything other than dog food.
⦁ Foods that dogs may eat
So what are some of the foods that dogs can eat?
Cucumber / broccoli / sweet potato / tomato etc.
Dogs have difficulty digesting dietary fiber, so giving too many vegetables can cause loose stools and constipation. Cut off the hard part, heat it, or chop it before giving it.
Strawberries / bananas / apples / watermelons, etc.
The skin, streaks, cores and seeds are remove and cut into pieces that are easy to eat. Be aware that some fruits have toxic components in their leaves and stems. Also, since it contains a lot of sugar, do not give too much.
Raw meat may have bacteria that cause food poisoning attached to it, so heat it before giving it. Fat may cause indigestion, so remove it as much as possible and give it lean meat.
Tuna / salmon / mackerel, etc.
Boil it quickly and give it. If it is fresh, it can be eaten raw, but be careful as it may contain parasites. Also, avoid fish that are high in salt, remove bones, and skin properly.
Even foods that can be given may cause an allergic reaction depending on the constitution of the dog. When giving for the first time, use a small amount and pay close attention to the frequency and amount.
⦁ What are the 5 major nutrients a dog needs?
Dogs, like humans, need to be fed a balanced diet. Here, we will introduce the “five major nutrients” that are indispensable for maintaining the health of dogs and their functions.
The muscles, bones, internal organs, and blood that make up the body are all made up of proteins. There are two types of protein, plant and animal, but it is said that animal protein is easier to digest and absorb in dogs.
Lipids are nutrients that serve as an energy source for dogs to exercise, and are characterized by their efficiency of converting even a small amount into powerful energy. In addition to serving as a material for cell membranes and hormones and maintaining body temperature, it also protects internal organs and assists in the absorption of vitamins.
Carbohydrates are composed of sugar and dietary fiber. Sugar is the energy for dogs to exercise, and dietary fiber has the function of activating intestinal motility.
It is not a direct energy source, but it plays an important role in helping the three major nutrients, protein, fat, and carbohydrate, to function properly.
Like vitamins, it supports the functions of the three major nutrients, but in addition, it also plays a role in the formation of body tissues such as teeth and bones. By the way, dogs are consider to have a higher proportion of minerals than humans do, and 12 types of minerals such as iron, potassium and calcium are required.
⦁ Dog food is better considering nutritional balance
As you can see, dogs need different nutrition, and it is expect to be quite difficult to give them daily in consideration of balance. However, dog food, which is a “comprehensive nutritional diet,” is made with a well-balanced mixture of nutrients necessary for dogs, so if you give it an appropriate amount with water, you can maintain your health.
When considering the health of dogs, it is best to use dog food, which is a “general nutrition diet” that allows you to easily provide a nutritionally balanced diet, as your staple food.